Form I 13 Sample Seven Unexpected Ways Form I 13 Sample Can Make Your Life Better
The new AC21 aphorism impacts the appliance of candidates whose accepted administration are already allotment them for abiding abode in the United States. The aphorism clarifies back and how a new employer can account from a above-mentioned employer’s advocacy and appoint an agent afterwards advance the time, money and/or accident associated with new sponsorship.The new rule:
Overview of the Process
When an employer sponsors an agent for an employment-based blooming card, the law requires that both parties intend for the agent to assignment for the employer in the sponsored job as of the date the blooming agenda is approved, and for a reasonable aeon of time thereafter. Assuming this claim is met, an agent may absorb his or her blooming agenda if he or she changes jobs or administration afterwards the blooming agenda is issued. This bureau that a new employer does not acquire immigration-related obligations added than to verify the individual’s appliance allotment at the time of hire.
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It is added complicated back a aggregation wants to appoint a appellant whose blooming agenda action with accession employer is still pending. In such cases, -to-be administration should acquire what obligations, including accompanying costs, they charge undertake to administer the candidate, and, presumably, to action him or her blooming agenda advocacy as well.
The employment-based blooming agenda action about culminates back the sponsored agent files, and U.S. Citizenship and Clearing Services (USCIS) approves, an appliance for acclimation of cachet to abiding abode appliance Anatomy I-485 (an “adjustment of status” application).
USCIS cannot acquire an adjustment-of-status application, and in abounding cases cannot alike acquire it for processing, until a U.S. employer files an I-140 Address for Alien Artisan (the “immigrant petition”) and USCIS approves that petition. The immigrant address describes the job the employer is alms to the adopted civic agent and about can be filed alone afterwards the employer files, and the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) approves, a PERM application, whereby the DOL certifies that there are no able U.S. workers accessible to abounding the position.
The date the PERM appliance is filed with the DOL—or in cases area the law does not crave a PERM application, the date the immigrant address is filed with USCIS—becomes the adopted employee’s “priority date.” Back the appeal for blooming cards exceeds the supply, USCIS will affair blooming cards based on a adopted national’s antecedence date.
The blooming agenda allocation arrangement is complex. In accession to the antecedence date, there are anniversary per-country banned and a alternative arrangement that about favors those with avant-garde education, accumulated advantage and career achievements. For citizenry of assertive crawling countries with aerial abandonment ante to the United States, like India and China, and for advisers in lower-preference categories, the advocacy action can be awfully long. This bureau that alike area USCIS has accustomed an immigrant address on account of an employee, the agent and his or her acceptable audience ability delay years afore they can book applications for acclimation of status.
When a appellant is in the blooming agenda action but has not yet filed an appliance for acclimation of status, a new employer cannot artlessly booty over the advocacy action and abstain the advance in new sponsorship. However, already a above-mentioned employer’s immigrant address on account of a appellant has been approved, the new acclimation confirms that the antecedence date associated with that petition, i.e., the employee’s abode in the queue, may move with the agent to a new employer, alike if the antecedent allotment employer notifies USCIS that it wishes to abjure the accustomed petition. So while the new employer may charge to advance in new sponsorship, it can do so with a beneath time border back USCIS will amusement the new case—for allocation and antecedence date purposes—as if it was filed back the antecedent sponsor filed for the employee.
When a aggregation is recruiting a appellant who has already filed an appliance for acclimation of status, the new acclimation clarifies back the new employer can appoint the appellant afterwards the charge for new sponsorship. Applications for acclimation of cachet in abounding contexts are adjudicated and accustomed by USCIS in a amount of months. However, due to the unpredictably of the blooming agenda allocation system, abounding employees, abnormally citizenry of India and China, may acquisition their adjustment-of-status applications awaiting for abiding periods of time. Some of these individuals may seek new appliance opportunities afore their blooming agenda cases are approved.
The new acclimation provides that a new employer may appoint a appellant in the blooming agenda action and abstain the time and amount of new sponsorship—known as “adjustment-of-status portability”—when all of the afterward apply:
It is this final ammo point that warrants added discussion.
‘Same or Similar’ Activity Requirement
AC21, the statute anesthetized by Congress in 1999 that created the advantage for adjustment-of-status portability, provides that portability requires the offered new job to be in the “same or agnate anatomic classification” as the job declared in the immigrant address filed by the above-mentioned employer. Congress provided no added admonition on how USCIS should assay the two jobs to actuate if they are the “same or similar.”
It was not until March 2016 that USCIS issued action admonition interpreting “same or agnate anatomic classification,” and again it was about a year later—in January 2017—that the bureau promulgated its final authoritative interpretation. The 2016 admonition is a robust, 21-page adjudicatory adviser for USCIS admiral and includes revisions to accordant sections of the agency’s Adjudicator’s Field Manual (collectively, the “2016 memo”). By contrast, the accordant accouterment of the final acclimation is a bald two sentences: The appellation “same anatomic classification” bureau an activity that resembles in every accordant account the activity for which the basal employment-based immigrant acceptance address was approved. The appellation “similar anatomic classification” bureau an activity that shares capital qualities or has a apparent affinity or affinity with the activity for which the basal employment-based immigrant acceptance address was approved.
The new acclimation additionally codifies the use of USCIS Anatomy I-485, Supplement J, which the new employer and adopted civic can use to acquaint USCIS of the new job action and to accommodate admonition about the new job so USCIS can actuate if it is abundantly agnate to the position declared in the immigrant petition. The final acclimation does not astrict adopted nationals, or their new employers, to proactively abide Anatomy I-485, Supplement J, in the accident of a job change, but the bureau may appeal the anatomy at its acumen afore adjudicating an adjustment-of-status application.
According to the 2016 memo, USCIS adjudicators charge accomplish the “same or similar” assurance by reviewing the accumulation of affairs back comparing the new position with the position declared in the immigrant petition. The announcement describes a countless of factors on which adjudicators may await back chief whether jobs are abundantly similar, including job duties, appropriate abilities and experience, wages, and whether the new job reflects accepted career advance from the above-mentioned job. Importantly, however, a abundant accord of the announcement guides adjudicators on how to analysis and assay Standard Anatomic Allocation (SOC) arrangement appear by the DOL.
Relevance of SOC Codes
The appliance of SOC codes back comparing two jobs was addressed by USCIS in promulgating the final rule. Specifically, the annotation to the final aphorism reflects that USCIS carefully removed advertence to SOC codes that appeared in the proposed rule, absolutely acquainted that the SOC arrangement may not consistently accumulation jobs that are fundamentally agnate into the aforementioned categories or subcategories, and appropriately may not consistently be reliable back allegory the affinity amid jobs. Nevertheless, USCIS in its annotation accustomed the objectivity and abeyant account of the SOC arrangement in authoritative job comparisons.
Form I-485, Supplement J, requires the new employer to announce the SOC cipher it believes best carefully matches the new job, and the form’s instructions provide, “USCIS may accredit to assets appear by the [DOL] and its Bureau of Labor Statistics, or added accordant resources, to abetment in free whether the new action of appliance is in the aforementioned or agnate anatomic classification.”
Given that this affair necessarily arises in the final appearance of the continued and alarmingly important—to employer and employee—green agenda process, administration should, area feasible, accommodate a altercation of SOC codes back appointment Anatomy I-485, Supplement J. Among added acutely important factors such as job duties, such a altercation can admonition validate the similarities amid the accepted and above-mentioned petitions. Again, however, area a allegory of SOC codes does not necessarily abutment a favorable allegory amid jobs, there is abounding abutment in the authoritative history that such a allegory is not required.
Once the new employer confirms that the appellant is acceptable for adjustment-of-status portability, it charge again appraise the blazon of acting appliance allotment the agent currently has and actuate the quickest way to accompany the agent on board.
If the agent is currently alive in accurate H-1B status, the new employer can book its own H-1B address and appoint the agent pursuant to the “H-1B portability” accoutrement in the AC21 statute. These accoutrement acquire additionally been codification in the new regulation, which confirms that if an immigrant address has been accustomed for an H-1B worker, any employer may address to administer the alone and extend his or her H-1B status, i.e., the H-1B appellant charge not be the employer that filed the immigrant address on account of the employee.
There are, however, instances area a new employer cannot or may not ambition to advance H-1B portability, e.g., the appellant holds accession blazon of acting assignment permit, the above-mentioned H-1B sponsor is a cap-exempt alignment or the employer does not appetite to acquire the costs accompanying to H-1B sponsorship.
Importantly, all adjustment-of-status applicants may, and about do, appeal acting appliance allotment abstracts (EAD cards) back they book their adjustment-of-status applications. USCIS usually issues these cards aural 90 canicule of filing. They are about accurate for one year and can be renewed while the adjustment-of-status appliance is pending.
When recruiting a appellant who is acceptable for adjustment-of-status portability, the new employer should ask if the appellant has an EAD agenda and back it expires. In the past, back an EAD agenda was abutting to its cessation date and the agent did not administer for an addendum of the agenda at atomic 90 canicule afore it expired, there was a accident the appellant would face a gap in assignment allotment and a delayed alteration to the new employment. Now, as continued as the agent files an appliance for a new EAD agenda any time afore the above-mentioned agenda expires, the law will account the above-mentioned agenda automatically continued for 180 days. This is abounding time for the bureau to affair a new agenda and ensures a seamless move for the agent and his or her new employer.
The new AC21 acclimation should abetment administration and their -to-be adopted civic advisers in authoritative important decisions apropos the timing of job transitions. The acclimation additionally will admonition administration added confidently appraisal the advance appropriate back recruiting candidates with awaiting abiding abode applications.
Andrew Greenfield is the managing accomplice of the Washington, D.C., appointment of all-around clearing law close Fragomen.
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Form I 13 Sample Seven Unexpected Ways Form I 13 Sample Can Make Your Life Better – form i 485 sample
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